Wednesday, May 24, 2017

World Championship Finalists*


It is with great, great, great pride and also some sadness that I announce that The Brainstormers are the World Championship Finalists* for 2017!  This is just an astounding accomplishment... there are 5,200+ teams in the world.  Depending on their path, they need to be usually one of the top 1-3 teams at a competition of 32-72 teams to move to the next level, having gone through five levels now.  At each competition, they will play between nine to 18 matches and come out as elimination winners in the last nine.  Because of the narrow number of teams that can move on until the super regionals, we certainly saw some amazing and great teams fall by the wayside and not move on because our state is a powerhouse that can't send all the world class teams on from the state because we are a small state.

Working on the practice field and explaining features to
another team watching
The kids worked quite hard before we left for the championship and managed to completely develop a new autonomous strategy to deal with some of the problems we had at competitions, especially with set-up issues with the fields.  It required both mechanical changes and some significant new programming feats - all accomplished in less than five weeks.  And it was killer.

This year with the splitting of Worlds to a North and South to double the number of teams who could attend because of expansion of the programs, there was a decision to give a percentage of spots to lottery because the logistics of expanding the super regional level had not occurred on schedule.  So that meant that teams who had never progressed to Worlds on merit were allowed to put their name in the hat and get a slot by lottery.  But that meant that some partners weren't as strong as others.  The kids did great during the qualifiers, almost overcoming some partnerships with teams that only scored five of the 250+ points our alliance put up.  We all felt good, the robot was working and working well.  Teams would stand and watch them practice, that felt good to be admired by their peers.

This is a favorite picture of mine because of what it says.
This is the captain of another team, sitting in our booth
watching an important match of ours on the live stream with
Rob.  Our team is known as general 'good actors' and we
have many hang out with us.  When we were in the finals, the
only cheers you would hear was for our alliance.  I find this
important - when your peers not only admire your work
but find you good people and want to see you win.
I have mentioned that at previous competitions teams have come into our booth to thank us for our how-to videos and Worlds was no exception to our complete surprise.  The one that really tickled us - the Russian team thanked us and showed us and Sofia their robot - they built their shooter based on a design she came up with and showed in one video.  As the youngest member of the team (8th grader) it was just such a great thing to hear.

It was a nice experience as my brothers came as well, driving from Michigan to see their nephew compete for the first time ever.  Part of the reason they came was that the team 'grandpa' and my brother who makes their shirts at his screen printing business, had decided to surprise the kids with a set of special commemorative hockey jerseys that would be something they could wear and keep for years past these experiences.  They included an American flag patch and a special 2017 Worlds St Louis patch they designed on one arm.  It was a great night when we got the kids together to have him give a speech on how they had inspired so many people they didn't know and give them the jerseys.  They were just blown away!

This is how they move around - together.  No one is 'out of it'.
They are attentive and in the moment and on point.  
Near the end of the competition, it became obvious that we were a highly desirable alliance partner and so one of the World Champions from last year started asking us to make some autonomous routes together.  The kids got to work and there were some outstanding joint programs written on the fly - that worked and later (as we did become partners) blew people away in the eliminations!  That night, we went out to a great Italian restaurant and I took the opportunity to make a speech as the seniors were flying home for their prom the next morning right as the elimination matches were to begin.  I reviewed their amazing accomplishments over the years and that year and that no matter what happened the next day - I was so proud of them and would miss them so much.  And that if I am not invited to their weddings, well, there would be hell to pay!
The new jerseys!

My son was trying to hold it together and not cry and as soon as I sat down, the first senior stood up to my surprise to say some words.  And one by one the three of them stood up and gave the most inspiring speeches, each about a topic.  Ethan, only on the team for two years, talked about Family.  How John and I had invited him into our special extended family, made him feel part of it within days and how that made him feel.   Then Ben, an original Brainstormer starting when he was nine years old, got up and gave a long talk about Trust.  How the arc of being on the team had taught him to trust others, trust in their collective abilities, trust others to do their job, and trust that all would be good in the end no matter how dark and horrible some situation looked at the moment - no matter how broken the robot seemed to be he could trust that somehow they would figure it out and get it running in the 5, 10, 30 minutes they had.  It was an amazing speech, of course I remember each of their personal journeys from wanting to control a task because they didn't trust another child to do a good job to today, when they could give up control and inherently understand that they were all on the same team and how talented each was and hardworking and so trust in each other.  An amazing journey and something that Ben said they would all take forward in the future in how they treated others they worked with.

11pm Waffle House Run.  The boys were never
full.  I must have ordered tons of room service,
made bagel runs, pizza orders and late night
runs to waffle house.  All the nervousness
makes those wiry 6' frames bottomless pits.
As they were woofing down a big room
service order one night - the girls just couldn't
help saying - 'we are leaving for dinner in
20 min, how come you are eating now!?"
Yeah - they also woofed down pounds of
BBQ only 30 min later.  BOYS.
Then Dan got up, on the team for a little more than three years, and he gave a talk about Failure.  He discussed how John and I had taught them how to fail successfully and created a climate where it was totally ok to fail in the small and big things - that it wasn't failure but an opportunity to learn, try new things and expand themselves individually and collectively.  He discussed how many trials had come up for them all, things that were unfair, parts that broke at the wrong time, and days that didn't go your way but that we had helped them all learn how to face these things with grace and how to turn them into motivation for the next day.  Obviously I cried quite a bit.  It was beautiful and also hilarious to hear all the rest of the kids talk about how they needed to get their speeches started now for next year!

So the next day luck went our way and we ended up partnering with our 'dream partner' in the alliance selection.  The matches were tough and fast paced (I heard that several of you watched - WOW).  Two divisions play simultaneously and the winners of each vie for the championship in a final set.  That is the first time the teams from the divisions meet in competition during the five days.  At the point we won the division, I lept out of the stands and ran down towards the pit and was hugged by each of the kids - most of them squeezing me so tight I almost couldn't breathe while I was crying.  At that point - the worst they could do was be the World's Finalists and take home a big trophy.  They were all crying.

I am not sure exactly how to express what happened next.  We won the first match by more than 150 points, lost the second by the other team making a mistake and preventing our big ball from scoring (questionable call), and it was all down to the third match.  During the last match, one of the opposing teams collected our balls and scored them in their vortex, an explicit major penalty of 40 points and seen by all - all but the referees apparently.  Upon review, the team did it at exactly the same time stamp in the first final match as well - at a time when one team from each alliance was lifting the big ball and the refs would be looking in that direction.  You can imagine how we felt upon review of that video.  It was the first and only instance in competition that this was done worldwide that anyone knows of.

So the kids were sure they had won as the penalty would put them over the top by quite a bit.  Instead, the scores were put up - we lost by the two of our balls scored by them and no penalty.  What??  But in a situation that we now know was an innocent mistake, the organizers had brought the trophies onto the field and as soon as the scores were shown, they thrust them at the winners.  Now, there is a process for disputing scores or calls and that is a marked out box - but it was covered by photographers, and some organizers who were trying to keep the area clear actually held our kids in the driver box and refused to let them out to get to the box which is the only way they are allowed to challenge.  Apparently there will be a huge rule change for next year now.

One of the boys having Dean Kamen,
co-founder of FIRST, sign his special
jersey.  Signing shirts is a 'thing' and he was so excited that
Dean showed up and he was able to get signature. 
You can imagine how this played out.  I won't go into all the details in a public forum.  I was heartbroken to watch my son sob and sob as they weren't allowed to challenge.  It got worse and again I won't say in a public forum.  Tonight, the organization held a call to allow the kids to discuss their challenge but insisted that while the video evidence showed clearly that the penalty should have been called, the refs insist they never saw it and there is no time machine and so they are the World Championship Finalists.  Hence the (*).

Beginning of the fateful last match.  
It is not how I wanted to season to end.  I also can't tell you the depth of hurt the kids have gone through, as the devil is in the details and they don't feel too good about them.  And I will state this - everything they have done was honest, professional, with grace, honor, openness and integrity.   But that isn't always how others play and when mistakes are made by others that let that get by, it is upsetting.

I thought robot season was over but as one of the top teams in the world, they were saved a space at a top-teams only invitational in Maryland at the end of June.  I am taking them as I just can't let this be the ending to an amazing season.  They need to get back up on the horse and ride again together.

At the beginning of the season they declared that they would be World Champions and worked their fingers to the bone to get to that point.  Their arc has gone from starting out as the worst team of 64 at their first FLL competition when they were only 9 years old.  Today they are considered by their peers (we keep getting messages) as the champions.

And they really are... I am so amazed and proud.

The whole crew the weekend after with all the trophies they earned this year - Champions in my book


Tuesday, May 23, 2017

I Think I Have Created Monsters...

So the World Championship was finished three weeks ago and yes, I have news but I am not ready to talk about it yet.  It isn't actually over and that is part of the story.  Maybe later this week.  I hope.  Thanks to everyone who has emailed me.

But before we left, we took down the robot room and cleaned it up.  Moved the field into closets and put the furniture back.  There was just one little table off to one side with the robots on it and the rest of the room was empty and back to normal.  And CLEAN.  We could watch movies together again with the couch in the right place.  No food wrappers hiding under piles of papers, there was space to walk, play ping pong/pool and our vacuum wasn't sucking up screws anymore.

Well, at the World Championship there are 120 or so First Lego League teams, 128 First Tech Challenge teams, about 100+ cute little Lego League Junior teams (they are six years old) and about 400 enormous First Robotics Challenge teams.  So just tens of thousands of kids and their mentors.  It takes up all the venues in a big city and there are screens everywhere bunched together running the live stream from the other venues simultaneously so you can check in on what is going on in other divisions while you are in yours.  Well, my younger son Andy was there of course and he is captain of his FLL team.  You know that he barely missed going to Worlds this year and is a bit miffed at that as his system was quite good.  We never expect that they would do well at Worlds if they made it there because the USA rules cut the age off at 14 but the rest of the world can field lego teams as old as 16.  And that 14 to 16 years old difference is enormous in cumulative ability.  So it was quite a surprise to see that if they had gone, they could have ended up 7th with the system as it was in December (without working another four months straight on it).

So that created a monster.

When we came back he started looking up the videos from the live stream.  Then identifying the top teams and finding You-Tube videos they had posted showing their systems working with more close ups.  Analyzing them every morning over breakfast.  Then the LEGOS came out again in the family room and he started building.  He knows that competition field forward and back for this year and he started building different concepts for detachable robots, exoskeletons that fit over the robot, etc.   In one case the winning team had a 5 second animation where their robot was built from the ground up in the LEGO designer program (think a CAD program for legos) as a insert in a larger video.  Well, over a two hour stretch with his team mate, they froze frame the you-tube video and figured it out and built the darn robot to understand the concept that group had used.  They are now on the third iteration of that concept making it their own.

The team mate who lives next door has been watching the same videos this weekend on our TV and going ballistic with excitement at some of the out of the box ideas.  Started their research notebook for next year's challenge already in Google Docs and shipped the notes off to all the other kids.  This next year the challenge is "HydroDynamics" - the water system and its challenges (think Flint).  They are looking up waste water treatment plants and contact info for me to try to arrange them meetings already.  Krikee!

Then yesterday I spent 11 am - 3 pm up in my attic office catching up on Frostings work.  Little did I know what was going on downstairs.  At a nice dinner with my husband last night he mentioned that 'the table is back'.  I said 'what?'  So he proceeded to tell me that while he was working on a little home repair project, the two young boys came through the shop getting the drill and saw horses and carrying out the wood that makes the FLL competition field.   Amused, he told me that they had set it all up, found the matt in the closet and put all the mission modules on it as well as a folding table as a work space.  All he did was answer a question on drill bits.  Gone was our clean media room and it was back to being a robot room.

Those little monsters wanna win.

And I didn't tell you that they spent Jan-April building a metal robot to do the challenge that the big kids were doing.  By the time we left for Worlds, it could do many of the things on the field and might have progressed from a qualifier to the state level.  We were happy as they were learning the metal robot division skills and were keeping busy while we were so preoccupied with the big team.  They would use it as a nuisance robot to drive against the big kids to improve their practice.

Yikes.  Roboting is becoming a year-round thing.

My clean room is no more.  I have no idea what those kids are planning as I just saw they did this.
Season doesn't start again until September.  
The black thing in the foreground is the replica of the winning robot
from St. Louis a few weeks ago - a German team that was amazing.

Saturday, May 20, 2017

First Looks at Harmony with Nature Casket

Left Frieze for the Harmony with Nature Short Flat Casket
I am running a course for those already in the Cabinet of Curiosities universe called "Harmony with Nature Casket' that is a stitch-along piece.  It starts on June 1st and will be put on the short flat casket piece.

Later, the casket project course will be opened to other people (i.e. when it is finished) as then I will have a complete total for the piece and can take sign ups.  But most of the threads for this will be ones that have been already sent to the current students through the Cabinet of Curiosities, Stumpwork or Frostings Boxes.  So they can stitch along with me if they don't want to wait.

And the first panel of the box is finished and ready to take a look at - the instructions for the panel will span June and July and will be up for those registered on June 1st.  The materials list for this panel just went to the web guy to be posted by the end of the weekend in the stitch resources part of the website for the class.





Sunday, May 7, 2017

Choices - Tin plated Brass or Brass?

When people are working on their caskets, one of the decisions they have to make is what color hardware to use on their casket.  This decision cascades through and impacts what color of woven metal tape is used and the metal color stamping on the papers that are inside the casket.

What is hard is to visualize the choice.  So I have taken two pictures to show the difference between  the voice of tin coated brass (silver colored), which was the traditional choice, and brass (gold colored).

Tricia

Top of Tent Stitch Casket with tin plated brass hardware laying on top and edged with silver woven tape
Top of the tent stitch casket with brass hardware on top with the gold woven tape on the edges



Saturday, April 22, 2017

Spoonflower - Digital Printed Fabric on Demand

Blackwork Fabric Print
Some of you might be familiar with Spoonflower, an on-demand digital printing on fabric company.  You can upload your own designs and choose a fabric from their list and have it printed in quantities as low as a quarter yard.  Or you can choose from designs that people have uploaded and made public (they get a small cut).  What this means is that there are many things out there that you might find useful for fun!

There are many blackwork designs as well as one you just might recognize (Plimoth Jacket).  It can be printed on silk fabric to make a scarf or heavy duck fabric (tote bag anyone?).  You can also buy a small sample to see if you like it on that fabric.

Some people have uploaded these designs to help out those who do reenactments, some using the printed designs for embroidery, such as coifs.

I really wish that we could print on the 40ct Old White linen.  Wouldn't that be amazing!!

Tricia

P.S.  You can get gift wrap in any of these as well!  How cool!

One of the Blackwork Collections

Plimoth Jacket Fabric 


A collection of 17 blackwork designs, many from Trevelyon

Saturday, April 1, 2017

What are You Doing While You Stitch-Along?

Progress was made this week, quite a bit of progress!  But it meant I sat in front of the TV quite a few hours when not packing orders.
Stitching is something we all love, but it is likely that we don't do it in a quiet room.  More likely, we are stitching while talking to someone or listening to something.

When doing a binge session of stitching, I get a bit low on the DVR and rue the day that the reruns have come on for my favorite shows.  PBS is my go-to as I just love documentaries, especially those about history and science.

I wonder what everyone else is watching during their stitching of their casket.  Thought I would put up a list of ideas - many of them on YouTube that anyone around the world can watch.

Masterpiece Theater - Victoria
The Crown - Netflix
How to Get Ahead at Medieval Court/in Renaissance Court/Versailles (3-part series)
A Very British Renaissance (3-part series)
ANYTHING by Lucy Worsley, Curator of Historic Palaces (search her name in You Tube)
A Timewatch History of the Mary Rose
Secret Knowledge - The Hidden Jewels of the Cheapside Hoard 
National Geographic The Gunpowder Plot
When God Spoke English - The Making of the King James Bible

There is a You-Tube channel with about 1500 hours of organized historical documentaries - Herodotus MK2 The Father of History.  I am sure some of this content isn't exactly authorized, so I am going to make my way through quite a bit of it soon working on my stitch-along projects.

Another thing I do is listen to podcasts while I stitch or work packing kits.  My favorite weekly podcast is the "Stuff You Missed in History Class" podcast.  It is just full of interesting topics across world history and this do a good job of exploring much more obscure things that are not only interesting but had impact that effects us today but have been forgotten to history.  So I like that if I just listen to each one, I come upon history of parts of the world that I don't search out normally.

Then there are the audio books.  An author I picked up from my son's required reading last summer is Tom Standage.  He writes books about world history that take an interesting wander.  One was the history of the world in six glasses (the required reading).  Beer, wine, spirits, coffee, tea and cola.  Cola = Globalization and so on.  Really interesting!  The next one was the history of the telegraph or as he called it, the Victorian Internet.  The parallels were fascinating!   I am interested to listen to his "An Edible History of Humanity" which examines how food has been a catalyst for change.

So I would love to hear how those of you working on the caskets are whiling your time with your mind while your hands are busy!

Tricia

Monday, March 27, 2017

I LOVE silk purls


Close view of Cabinet with scenes from the story of Esther (later than 1665), Gift of Irwin Untermyer, 1964.  Metropolitan Museum of Art, Acc. No. 64101.1335
So if you had to ask me which of all the threads we have reproduced in the last ten years is my favorite, I would have to tell you hands down it is the silk purls.  There is nothing else like them and they have such texture and versatility.

Little silk covered silk springs, they can be couched down in long lengths or into short lengths and sewn down so they curve off the surface in humps or loops.

Close view of Cabinet with scenes from the story of Esther (later than 1665), Gift of Irwin Untermyer, 1964.  Metropolitan Museum of Art, Acc. No. 64101.1335
There are many caskets and pictures that are completed almost entirely in silk purls and the effect is magical.  One particular casket really 'trips my trigger' and that is the casket at the MET that I affectionately call the Esther casket.  The top and front are worked in over-the-top stumpwork and then the back is worked in satin stitch - the stitcher deciding not to waste too much time on the part that no-one would see against a wall.  But in between, the right and left sides are worked entirely in silk purls!!  It was a really well thought out transition between the super-relief of the stumpwork and the satin stitched back.  The silk purls that are couched to fill the spaces are high up enough to support the stuffed faces used on the front and top, yet lower in relief to form that bridge between the satin and stumpwork.  It is highly textured and can be stitched in little loops to add a bit more texture and variety.  Note the grass and the amazing leaves on the tree done this way.

Neutrals Family of Tiny Silk Purls
Of course to do things like this, you need many colors.  And in some cases, you need different sizes.  Silk purls came in roughly three sizes; a very large, a medium and a tiny size.  The first size that we brought back was the medium.  It was something we could make with the soie ovale as the base silk and matches that color line.  Then more recently, I started with a tiny silk purl line and produced the most useful colors by themselves - the greens, yellows, olives and browns that could be used for texture in grass and trees.

I will have a set of sides done up like this casket - all in purl work because I LOVE it.  I have photographed the sides of this casket SO much.  But if you look at this casket, you see all kinds of colors in it that are not only part of the pure color series (reds, greens, blues, etc) but also all kinds of
Stone Family of Tiny Silk Purls
'off colors'.  Those colors that are grey, stone, neutrals, slightly purple but not, etc.  The colors that allow you to separate more pure hues.  Think rocks, buildings, linen clothes, etc.  If we had some of these colors, buildings could be made, cool textured rocks in grottos could be done, snails and bugs, think of the potential!

So I am announcing a limited run of 19 NEW colors of tiny silk purls today and adding one new color to the medium silk purl (Clotted Cream - an ivory color).  Not a surprise, but these colors are aimed to match the supplemental colors that were added to the soie perlee family and more...and are based on the foreseen uses of them.
Flame Family of Tiny Silk Purls
I am sure you are thinking... hmm... greens, olives, browns, golds, flame, stones, neutrals...we seem to be missing a few other families of color to round the Tiny Silk Purls out.  You would be right on that.  But who says they aren't already lurking in my storage?  Maybe ready for some other announcement.  Tease Tease Tease.

These are the more limited amounts that I would produce of the valuable 'off colors', those that would serve someone well if they are doing an elaborate stumpwork casket or mirror and I know not everyone is doing that.  If they fly out of here, I will try to get more made.  

Close view of Cabinet with scenes from the story of Esther (later than 1665), Gift of Irwin Untermyer, 1964.  Metropolitan Museum of Art, Acc. No. 64101.1335


Close view of Cabinet with scenes from the story of Esther (later than 1665), Gift of Irwin Untermyer, 1964.  Metropolitan Museum of Art, Acc. No. 64101.1335
Close view of Cabinet with scenes from the story of Esther (later than 1665), Gift of Irwin Untermyer, 1964.  Metropolitan Museum of Art, Acc. No. 64101.1335

Thursday, March 23, 2017

Marbling Paper

Caskets have marbled paper inside and a friend sent me a link to a video where the techniques were shown of many of the patterns that are inside the caskets.  This is an old video and while you can watch it with sound - I was with the robot guys and so I didn't.  You know the strength of a video when watching it silent is mesmerizing.

Since we all love making and have been fascinated with the process of making the caskets, threads, etc - it is worth a view.

P.S.  Thanks for the nice comments on the Brainstormers robot season to this point.  I have heard about a few misty eyes as well.  For both teams, the competition is hard, very hard and thing happen that are out of your control or that are mistakes that you didn't control.  It makes any win soooo sweet and I know that because of the way they deal with the trophy shelves.  They all constantly rearrange them, count, read the labels and hope to get another to fill it.  It is the first thing that happens when our clown truck (called affectionately the 'swaggon') pulls up - they grab any hardware and run downstairs and cluster around and find a spot.  For anyone who thinks that participation awards are the way to go... nope.  Blood, sweat and tears and tons of hard work - and missing it by 'just that much' time after time; it drives them.  That is how character is built and you can tell because the award screams from any team earning one are so loud in the stands, you would think they just won a million dollars. The team that won inspire in MA this year was sitting next to us - the explosion was enormous with instantaneous crying and hugging and they were falling down.  We didn't come home with a 'big one' and so yesterday they started again.  Just two days off to sleep (record was 14 hours) and catch up homework.  And if they weren't here - they were skypeing in.  If it was easy or expected, they wouldn't have shown up until our regular Saturday meeting.

I know how important it is to them now.  The senior prom is the last day of Worlds and so far - only one is flying back for it... and ONLY because he is the chair of the event and feels it is his responsibility (yes) to do so.   And these boys are actually popular (and could get a date) so they really are giving up something, the class president is staying with us on the robot field.  Unbelievable!

One person asked me if the kids value the effort we adults have put into this.  I am happy to report that they made a video.  At most levels, the teams can submit a video about their coach to nominate them for the coach award.  I always think they are numb and not realizing this.  Well - they kept it secret!  After the award ceremony where they show the top three videos and award the coach the Compass Award; they clustered around me like excited kindergartners lamenting that they had made me one this year and had been talking about it all year and they were sure it would get shown.   They shoved a phone at me to show me the video and then replayed it in the car along with all the outtakes and recordings (which were hilarious).  As an adult - I got why it didn't win.  As a coach I was crying and so touched, it was much more an ode to a mother on mother's day, burnt toast and broken eggs on a platter and all in the form of a rap song badly off key (ok - they are engineers not singers!).  I got all the references but judges would think it was so 'off'; less serious mentor and more mom of a litter of excited puppies.  I won't be showing it - it is just for me and will go in the box with all the drawings of me as a fat mouse, the tons of coupons for free hugs, and other love tokens from my children.  :-)  Much better than a plaque.


Tuesday, March 21, 2017

Going to the World Championship Again!

Never count The Brainstormers out.  Ever.  That has never, ever been so apparent as the last two weeks.  After the stunning win at the MA States the team had only one weekend to regroup and get ready for the FTC East Super Regional in Scranton, PA.  This is shorter than normal due to the Feb vacation schedule for MA public schools which delayed our competition for two weeks.

Hours before snow starts falling - time to kick out some of
these kids for the blizzard so the team on the couch with
laptops has exclusive access to test the robot.  Notice it is
about 11pm.
Working throughout the blizzard - about nine inches outside
at this point and hour eight of coding.
So we were in high gear - realizing that our autonomous program needed some big work to make it more reliable.  The kids made a plan and as luck would have it, half are in private school and their two-week March vacation started that weekend.  So if you have been following along for years, you know what that means.  They live here.  And we had a blizzard in the forecast, so I really mean they lived here.  I went out for tons of driveway salt and food, food, food.  Groups were scheduled in for work blocks and the programmers with mechanical support team were sequestered here for the duration of the snow.  I can say that for every snow storm that shuts down school for the last three years - my house has had the team staying in it.  As soon as school is called - they load in cars and drive here to beat the snow.  It's like getting a free weekend to work.  It is also fun in a funky work-play way and this time I had to beat the rest of the team off with a stick.   I got text messages from those not scheduled to be part of the 'snow team' begging to be allowed to come and get snowed in and help.  But we really needed the programmers to be heads down so we held our ground much to their consternation.  The record was two kids who announced that the day we left for competition that they had been at our house for six days straight.

Part of the food shopping - pounds of flour and sugar and chocolate chips.  There must be warm cookies.  Dozens of them. My husband and I do tag team - one of us in our office if we have to be and the other down there.  Sometimes I can embroider, answer emails, chart something, post but sometimes it is just too chaotic for me to get things done.

We got to where we wanted to be.  Loaded in the car and off.  Day 1, judging and inspection and running in the practice fields.  All going great.  Got the match list and did the analysis and figured out the driving teams.  We were in Match 1 on Saturday morning.  That was when all hell broke loose.  Match 1 started as soon as the opening ceremonies ended.  They wanted all the robots on the field ready to go.  Asked for them an hour beforehand on the field.  We checked to see if they would let us replace our battery just before match and got a yes.  These types of batteries drain fast after unplugging from the wall and if your system is sensor/control system heavy it really depends on battery voltage.  We had one ready - and at the last minute after the droning speeches, the field tech refused to allow us to change it.  We lost automatically as the robot wouldn't move well.  Top teams passing us by told us they knew every second the talks went on the batteries were draining on the field and it would be a devastating match for the few top performing robots sitting there on the field as they use all the systems and rely on consistent top battery voltage.  And that was the match that the judges all stood around to verify if all the talk in our judging session about the robot and its performance was for real.  Very, very, very bad luck.

You can't even see the robot as all hands are on it working
rapidly as possible.
Now we already had lost the top captain possibility immediately in Match 1 (81 matches) and likely judged awards too.  A few matches later, a robot slammed into ours and lodged its wheel in our collector in a way that took 10 minutes to take apart after the match was done.  Neither of us could score - Rob, a hockey player, was our driver and after trying to dislodge to win the match, dragged that robot all over the field and pressed beacons to get more points.  Was kinda hilarious in a desperate kinda way.  But after that - it really went to hell.  Our autonomous was failing and there was an error code on the phone (controls robot) that the field techs from FIRST couldn't identify for us either.  It stopped the robot dead in two matches.  We were loosing and falling in the rankings.  We were down to 14th.  To automatically go to Worlds - we needed to be in 5th or higher.  On hindsight, it likely was that slam and caught robot that caused all the problems after that.

What is the error???
The options to get to Worlds by controlling our destiny were closing rapidly and it was only 3pm the first day.  This is when the character of the team defines everything.  Do you mentally 'go home' or do you go into the locker room at half time no matter how much you are down and still thinking that there is 'no way you can lose this' and keep your focus.  They had 20 minutes between matches - programmers going over the code and calling off the commands and the drivers mentally going over what had happened on the field to find out what sensor, motor, etc. was where the mistakes happened.  Run it again on the practice field.  Get that error again.  No, No, YES!  There is the error again.  A fatal error - match loosing error.  It could be only these five things.  Almost run the robot on its cart back to the pit and throw everyone an allen key - rip the sides off that robot with its dozens of screws as fast as you can and replace encoders on the motors and get into the wiring to the sensor control module.

There really isn't a lot of room in a hotel room
for this - but they made do!  Eight of them
working at once in that space.
A queuer comes to the booth and informs us we have to get to the competition fields with the robot.  Someone runs to represent us while the others have the robot upside down and run the programs watching the wheel progressing and a sensor test.  Run off to the field.  The last match of the day is won but barely.  Another funny error.   Back to the booth and back to practice and try to figure out the problem.  People are patting us on the back - the autonomous is still failing but the driver control period stuff is working great - but they know we might be hosed and out of Worlds.  There is only one more match to go the next morning.

Testing in the hallway late night.  Funny how
many MA teams on floor (3 other ones) and
we were all up and working jabbering with
each other.
We left the field and went straight to dinner.  The team unwound and again - their character showed.  They were laughing and joking and enjoying themselves - anyone asking would never have thought that they were on the ropes.

I stood up and gave a speech in tears - the kinda speech that simultaneous wraps up a season and also tells them that they should never be counted out - it was halftime and time to show everyone what they are made of.  Right back to the hotel and they all showed up immediately in the room where the robot was.  I hung out in the chair and played devil's advocate for every decision made while my husband reviewed all the matches on video looking for clues to what was going wrong.  The kids stripped that robot down and decided to do some major surgery on two things - making the assumption that the USB connector on the sensor module was flaky and loose now.  It was something to see - 11pm and they are throwing modules across the room to be reconfigured by a computer programmer, kids labeling wiring so they can put it back in the right way.  And the tests in the hotel corridor to see if every system was working and hoping they found the problem (lucky every room was a robot team - understanding people on the floor).

Back the next morning for our early morning final qualifying match.  It was the most important one match they had ever run.  The pits open over an hour before any matches start and the team decided to all go in that extra early hour.  Up at 6 am and loading the 300 pound cart/robot into the truck.  They ran it over and over testing it and showing people that we had fixed the system.  One pair of the team assigned to go find the top ranked teams and drag them over to show them it was fixed and ready to rumble.

I couldn't watch the match.  Their entire season depended on winning it.  The team arrived in the pit before the match score showed in the pits.  But their faces and arms in the air proclaimed that they won it -- and it was obvious without scoring it.  Crushed it in fact.   There was now a slight chance they would live another day.  We moved up to 9th.  It was now possible.

They were selected by the third captain to make an alliance and then another team was chosen to make the three team alliance (Only two run per game).  Then the unbelievable thing happened.  A captain is allowed to run in each of the three matches in a bracket level (it is best two of three games).    The captain went to the ref and declared us captain of our alliance to allow us to run in each game.  It was an incredible show of faith and tremendous character on their part.  Our first game - we won and missed the world record by 10 points.



In the end - in a series of six matches - we became the division finalists.  Barely loosing the entire thing.  This morning after reviewing the video - we realized it wasn't because the autonomous didn't work, the beacon it was supposed to be pressing on our side wasn't set up correct for the match by the field resetters.  Guess we have to add that to the checklist I had wanted them to use (another lesson learned).

They are beyond team mates and friends -
they are family.  This pair has been tight
since 1st grade.  
Still, almost winning the whole thing didn't advance us - the same fluke that cost us a trip to worlds the first year.  We had to wait in the stands through all the awards and see if any duplicates allowed more robot teams to advance in order of rank.  I tried to keep track but got lost and thought we hadn't.  The kids expectantly looked at me and I had to shake my head and say I wasn't sure - didn't look good.  We had been here before...

So when they announced our name - they burst into a mix of screams and tears - all those big 6 foot boys.  And the many, many teams we have made friends with over the years cheered too.  When we left the stands, I turned left towards the pits - but they turned right.  They went off to shake hands to congratulate other teams, thank ones who had faith and partnered with us, and commiserate with others who weren't as fortunate to make the cut and live another day.  I looked back at it and realized they were all grown up.  We ran into our high school team in the parking lot and there was so much raw hugs and emotion that we were going to be both going and sharing the big event together.

Half the team got in my car for the long drive to Boston.  The most laid back of all the kids was literally screaming that 'they had never worked a day in their life and it was all starting NOW'.  It was like the inside of the vehicle was a huddle for a big football game.  They have six weeks and will be tearing the robot down to its bones to fix any moving parts, sensors and wires, rebuilding and reprogramming non-stop.   There will be an entirely new autonomous strategy.  They have a tremendous amount of work planned - because they are never satisfied with their performance and have learned from their own mistakes.

 I always would like them to win - but winning isn't always getting the actual trophy.  I think of the trials and tribulations they will face in the future. Disappointments in college admissions, heartaches, job loss, illness, and all the things that are life; I believe that they have been learning to believe, breath and problem solve and keep their eyes on the long term; that what ever is happening now is just a course adjustment on the path to what they want.  A bump to be run over with their size 13 feet.  I was talking to one of the kid's mom a few weeks ago about what they had been learning; grit, speaking, etc.  Her son is one of the original kids and she said 'no Tricia - its 'everything' about life.

You can never count them out - as they never give up.

Gotta make more cookies.

Monday, March 20, 2017

Never Count The Brainstormers Out

Winning Inspire and Robot Game at
Vermont State Championship qualifying us early for
the Super Regional - a strategy that none of the top
teams in MA could understand asking us "why did you
travel to Vermont??"  After one of them didn't in MA and
has to stay home (they were in the semi finals of World's
last year), everyone understands why we did. 
I just arrived home from four days of competition in Scranton, PA at the FIRST Tech Challenge East Super Regional competition.  It was an epic roller coaster of emotion - culminating in half our team crying in the stands tears of relief and joy and clutching each other.

I stay quiet most of the season now on the blog as they have a huge presence in the FTC universe - their You Tube Channel just passed 51,000 views this season - to avoid giving away any of the robot design/strategy secrets.  

Two of our seniors with my son getting ready to drive at the
MA State Championship.  We had already qualified
for the East Super Regional so this competition didn't impact
us so we allowed the graduating seniors to learn to drive
and do one match in the competition as a thank you for
years of working behind the scenes.  As a coach it was more
than just that - it was strategic, I have learned that if the
majority of the team drives, they get more engaged  and invested
in the end product of their work.  We are the only team at
Worlds level that comes to competition with four
driving teams, equally competent.  Freaked our alliance
partners out yesterday as they had never seen that before and
made them nervous as we were switching people in and out
every one of the six matches together.  But it spreads the
responsibility out, the entire team understands the
minutiae of what is going on and the impact.  In the long
run - that small thing will be the success of everything.
You already heard about their outreach in the Boston Community Centers in an earlier post as well as their how-to-videos.  We are seeing the impact of them as the season has gone on, going out of state to competitions.  We have been having teams show up in our pit as soon as we arrive (we can't even unpack before a crowd gathers) and the first thing out of their mouth is: "I've watched your videos".  The next thing is either a discussion of how a how-to video helped their team build something for their robot this year or from a coach thanking them for the way they went about it - not giving an answer but showing a range of options with the pluses and minuses discussed so they are universal from year to year - teams being able to watch and think about the game and their strategy and decide what type of method might be best for them.  

We hadn't even been in the building for ten minutes and
already five teams had come by to look inside the bot.
The other reason they say 'I've watched your videos' is because we started posting competition videos two months ago to show capabilities to market ourselves to other teams because there are alliances that are formed at the end of the competition to go into eliminations, so people need to be familiar with your performance and abilities out of your state.  The person always next says - 'I can't believe you collect from both sides and can't figure out how you do it!'- this is followed by them sticking their face onto the robot and trying to see in it while our team kids explain how it works.  This is THE competitive advantage this year and I didn't want to let the cat out of the bag by saying anything about the team until now when it was too late for other teams to react.  It was the result of a shift in how we incorporated all the team into the robot design this year and one of the kids (keeping me awake on the drive back late last night) reflected on how slowing down and educating everyone on the mechanical side and then including everyone in the debate resulted in this mind-bending design.  It is a reflection of their extreme growth this year.

This year's game is a shooting game with many twists that make it hard.  The first 30 seconds are autonomous and the robot alliance (two randomly assigned teams in the qualifying matches) gets three balls to shoot.  The robot tries to automatically shoot them into their colored 'vortex' (basket) and then moves off towards two beacons that have buttons on them.  The robot tries to determine which side of the beacon is lit its team color (red or blue) and then press the button to turn both sides their color.  If the robot successfully finds the beacons and does that twice - the team gets two more balls to shoot with in the driver controlled period.  The point value for doing those things as well as the extra balls makes this autonomous period worth almost half the points of the entire game.  So if your autonomous doesn't work - you will almost always automatically loose the game at the higher level.

So in the driver controlled period, having only 5 balls to shoot makes the time to collect and shoot them crucial.  The more times you can go through that cycle, the more points you can make.  So our double collector design is key - we can collect balls without turning the robot around, wasting time.  The basket is designed to scatter the balls in all directions, making you drive all over the field and avoiding other robots to get the limited balls.  So if somehow you could shoot into the same wedge of the basket every time - your balls would roll to the same area of the matt making collection again faster.

The kids have spent almost seven months working on this mind-bending programming - designing a custom control system for the flywheel system that shoots the balls.  It takes the range from the basket automatically, compares that with the data they collected on how far the ball will go at a particular flywheel speed and chooses a speed.  Another sensor system turns the robot to align it to the basket, reducing the need for the driver to aim (and allowing us to have so many drivers).  But, when a ball goes through the shooter, it slows down the flywheel.  So the control system has to come quickly back to the same speed before the next ball feeds up so it will go to the same place in the basket.  And it has to do that without overshooting the speed by feeding too much power to the motors.  Most of the kids hadn't had enough calculus to do it - so one of the math wiz's on the team had to come over one day and figure out tons of derivatives on the white board.   And what an amazing thing - they all saw the real life application of calculus just as they are all starting to take it.

It works.  We are collecting and shooting more balls than any team.  But remember, that autonomous has to work for us to get to that stage.  Oh, and there is a dumb yoga ball on the field too.  It is bigger than the robot is allowed to be - you have to grab it and lift it six feet in the air and balance it on top of the basket at the end of the game for more points.



So their strategy has been working.  They won the Inspire (top judged award) and Robot game at their qualifier in December, qualifying for the MA State Championships.  Then the Inspire and Robot Game at the Vermont State Championship - getting one of the two spots to qualify for the East Super Regional.  

The video above shows a finals elimination match at the Vermont State Championship to show how the game works.  Our partner actually forgot to turn their robot on.  Once the autonomous starts - no hands inside the walls - so it couldn't be corrected.  So it was us against the other pair alone.  Our kids put up 225 points by ourselves and won.

Then two weeks ago, they went to the Massachusetts State Championships.  We had our seniors drive in three of the five competitions and had some troubles during the day with our autonomous.  We ended up 15th of 32 in the qualifying matches to everyone's surprise.  Massachusetts is actually one of the very hard regions of the world and two of the top teams decided to pair up specifically as they were sure they could beat us if they did - in a pretty confident way in fact.  And the numbers supported that - they should handily beat us in the robot game if we met up in the final eliminations as we three were the top performing teams over the whole season - way above everyone else.

MA State Championships, all the programmers around
the laptop on a table next to the queue during eliminations.
They can't have a computer in the competition area so they have
moved to be only two feet from it - going over the code
and making a change.  One kid hangs out
on the other side in a legal area getting tossed the phone
from the robot and running it to
them to upload the changes and then running it back.
No other team doing this.  And this competition didn't matter
in the grant scheme of things.
We were chosen by the second highest ranked team.  Once you have been in this for awhile - you build relationship with the other teams.  That team was with us in Lego for years - first competing against the Brainstormers and then with our Robot Revolution team.  We had flip flopped many times in qualifiers who was on top or second.  So we had respect for each other.  This is their rookie year in this metal robot division and we have shared much knowledge with them.  The team coach came up to me as his students were out there in the selection show and choosing us as their partner.  He told me that he knew we were having some sort of trouble with the robot (sensors) and that he knew we had already qualified so this competition had no impact on us at all.  'But', he said, 'I have been watching them all day and they are the only team that looks like their life depends on that robot working'.  He pointed at my son, whose jaw was set in a way that makes him look like Arnold Schwarzenegger.  He said 'look at that kid, look at his face, he isn't going to lose anything.  I don't care what problems your robot has been having.  They will solve it and I want you on OUR side.'

Our alliance partners and us at MA States.
Robot Champions again against all odds.
Well, we went into eliminations together and the other top pair ran their match against the 4th seed.  They put up 230 together and very confidently walked back to the tables to make minor fixes and watch our 2 vs 3 elimination match.   When the score went up of that match - they went white - 240 and we put up 80% of the point by ourselves.  My son said their hands were shaking.  Yes, we went head to head in the finals.  And yes, we beat them.  We also won the second highest judged award as we were ineligible for the top one, having already won it in another state.

And one of those two teams we beat was my son's high school.  The coach is the teacher for AP Programming and the entire team is in that class with David.  He walked into class on Monday and the leaders sheepishly admitted - yeah - we should have picked you as our partner instead.

Normally very humble, he responded simply 'Never count me out.'

Why that is important is tomorrow...



Sunday, March 12, 2017

Need a Good Laugh?

There are few things making us laugh these days and so I think we all need a good one!  As a mom who has struggled to stay professional in the workforce, this recent incident just tickles me more than I can say.  I think I have watched this dad and his wife deal with their adorable kids over and over and over and still cry from laughter at it.



I thought it was hilarious when the dancing girl came in.  Then to be followed by the kid in the walker... I started to pee my pants.  And then the frantic mom (who many think may have been taking a quick bathroom break when they escaped).  OMG.  For every woman (and man) who has desperately tried to balance their work with kids - this is a GIFT to us all. As one person said in the NYT comments, I hope these parents laugh and understand how this isn't a reflection on them - but a gift to the entire working community of families in the world - and that they play it at every wedding and major event in those kids lives!!

When I started as a newly minted PhD, I was the only woman with a doctorate at a 350 person engineering engineering company - that at that time only had SEVEN women on staff.  The most challenging thing was working while pregnant, nursing, and the unbelievable things that happen when you have young children who have NO concept of your work life.  I can't tell you how many of these similar incidents have happened to me.  OMG.

One of the things that broke me was when my son was two, I was forced to be the technical lead on a multimillion dollar redesign of the soldier system.  There were five 'tech leads' across this enormous team led by General Dynamics and I was not only the only woman but I was more than 20 years the junior of any of my contemporaries.  I stood out like a sore thumb briefing the generals and once the Secretary of Defense on our progress.  The project was 9 months long and required over 80 hours each week (I ended up injuring my arm - it went completely numb from overuse on the project).  So the balance of having my husband leading a start-up and this 2-year old was just mind-numbingly hard.

He was in a day care next to my workplace which was far from my husband.  So I would often have to go get him, feed him dinner, and then bring him to work and try to keep him occupied until my husband (always working late) could swing by and grab him and go home - expecting me home even later.  So David spent hours crawling around the industrial design firm next door where our prototype work was going on, sleeping under the conference table or hiding under my desk.  And that was when he was being cooperative.  Usually he realized we were going to my work when I didn't take the turn to the highway and would start wailing in the backseat.  At a company where there were only a handful of female engineers in the first place... well this was more than hard.   My having kids wasn't seen as amusing or normal - it was an inconvenience to them.  Male PhDs could have kids but not female ones.

One particular incident happened at a local hotel.  The company had brought in one of the top generals from Desert Storm as a consultant to teach me how to brief the Secretary of Defense and other top military brass.  My husband was supposed to pick up David so I was free - but he was stuck in an airport not able to get back to Boston.  So I was sooooo stuck.  I had to excuse myself and run around the corner to get David and bring him back.  One of the other women on the project tried to keep him amused in the hotel lobby - but he escaped and got to mommy.  I was mortified (a bit more than the day I went to the bathroom after a big presentation to a client to find in the mirror that I had whitish little handprints up my legs on my nice suit).  Well, the general bent over to me and whispered to me what a lovely young man I had with a huge smile - effectively telling me that it was OK.  David sat happily on my lap the rest of the meeting while I conversed about our strategy and how to present it effectively.  It took someone who had been to war and dealt with the deaths of young men under their command to put perspective in the moment and assure me of what was important in the world and that he didn't see me as any less because my kid sometimes intruded into the work space.  I had such respect for that man!


Monday, March 6, 2017

Beaded Baskets - A Series!

New Unmarked Basket - Bonhams Lot 353 15 March 2017
Last year I remember talking in the blog about the beaded basket of my friend, Anita Schorsch, that was up for auction and matched a basket that was in the V&A collection.  Both were marked with the names of the maker and were made in the same year, 1659.

V&A Basket - Worked by Sarah Gvrnall Avgust 24 1659
Amazingly another basket has come up for auction next week at Bonhams and it matches these two.  It took a bit of investigation of the pictures to realize that it was NOT the same basket and we had found a third in the series!  If you look closely, the three baskets have the same bead colors, but the girls put the colors in different places on the motifs.  That is the telling difference.   This is fantastic and shows how there were teaching pieces or kits being worked together by many people at the same time with some level of individual choice in application of the bead colors, and in the case of the one below, some larger beads being inserted into rows like pokka-dots.   Spend some time going back and forth between the three - you will see the similarities and the differences!  And if you have quite a bit of money to spare, you can own one of them in a few days.
Anita's Basket - Worked by Mary Blomfield Anno 1659


Sunday, March 5, 2017

So Why Teach Robotics?

By this time, reading my blog will have sensitized you to the word 'robot' and you might have been realizing that you keep hearing certain words out there all the time:  Robot, STEM, Coding and Maker-Faire. It's like these things are everywhere.  Toys, shows, news articles, initiatives, and there were plenty of photo-ops promoting these things at the White House the last eight years.  You might not have fully realized why.
When I have been out at teaching events, I have been asked why I am doing this with my kids.  The implication in the question has sometimes been an undercurrent of 'why are you forcing them and pushing them so hard'.  My response is usually about how you can't force kids to do this - especially at this level.  And that is true.  But there is actually a more fundamental set of reasons, and they come from my husband's and my background as well as insights we have been fortunate enough to have from our careers.  It's about survival.

President Obama and the many science fairs he sponsored
at the White House to bring attention to STEM and
robotics.  Here a FIRST team showing him their robot.
My husband was a refugee, someone who made it on one of the last helicopters out of Vietnam and it would take many paragraphs to tell you how close it was to not.  His father, an interpreter for the US Army and employee at the embassy, was a dead-man walking if they didn't make it out.  It was hard when they got here.  So hard.  There are years of memories he refuses to talk about.  His mother still cries about him getting a job when he was 12 to help the family.  That was back when kids could deliver papers and make money.  We really feel for the the kids at the community center and one reason it is so important our children work there as they need to understand.  He studied hard, got into MIT, always worked on the side, started multiple tech companies and provided employment for now numbering almost 1000 people.  He is always innovating and scrambling - you can't get the loss of his home, possessions, family, and country out of him - no matter how much he succeeds.  Not bad for a refugee helped by the government.  

My history is also not so rosy.  We talk about globalization and I lived in auto-town so it all started for us in the early 1970s - I watched what happened to Flint, Lansing and Detroit in front row seats.  We were in the middle of it and in the chain.  It hurt.  There are weird things my husband laughs at me for - like my refusal to pick fruit.  It connotes something else for me.  Pumping gas - I LOVE having someone do it for me as I did it every summer to help at my dad's business.  We all pitched in at the family business as it was needed, I can't stand a dirty car as I had a business washing and cleaning cars with my mom at one point to make needed money.  Health insurance, didn't have it until I got my first job out of college.   The insecurity and economic problems not having it caused for my family are profound and will haunt us all until my generation dies (due to pre-existing conditions of an employee of my dad's).  And we still are insecure about health insurance even today as my husband and I have almost always worked in new start-ups -- we don't get it until we grow the company big enough.  When Mitt Romney instituted his plan for Massachusetts - it was such a relief - we could get insurance to fill the gaps while we grew our companies after COBRA ran out.  Today, my doctor suspects I have a genetic problem with classes of medications (which caused my health problems last year).  But he and I know I can't test for it yet - not until the health insurance debacle going on now gets settled, lest I get marked with a pre-existing condition as we have to change insurance so often because we keep starting tech companies and having to move insurance.  I had to learn to be scrappy too.  I watched people without skills who made so much fun of me studying - realize too late that the jobs they expected to be there after they graduated high school evaporate.  I was getting out - that was how my jaw was set.  I might have a fancy education and letters behind my name, but I will do whatever it takes and whatever needed.  Fold cardboard, wash cars, whatever.   My kids NEED that mindset - that is how kids will survive in the global economy.   There is nothing on my robot team that pisses me off more than when a kid refuses a task because it is 'beneath them'.  Fast way for a tongue lashing by me (and additional cruddy jobs to be assigned).  

So while we are extremely comfortable (unless some health calamity happens combined with a policy change) - our mindset is not.  You can't take the refugee out of the successful businessman.  And we are looking forward at the skills needed to constantly reinvent yourself (as we have done ourselves) and know that schools aren't teaching them at all.  If they won't wake up and do it - then it is our job and we aren't going to slack off on that.  Hence the robotics.  It is a double bonus as it is not just the lessons in grit and how to learn and master anything needed and innovate and problem solve and technical skills and teamwork and on and on that this competition allows us to mentor.  It is robotics itself.  

We are pretty active in our two fields - mine is now being called soft robotics and wearable electronics and his is voice recognition and machine learning - both pretty hot and we are early innovators so are often asked to serve on task forces or advisory councils or serve on boards for start-ups.  For the last few years, I had the opportunity to be part of a set of informal advisors to the undersecretary of commerce under Obama.  What engineers and economists have known for awhile is that while manufacturing left the USA for cheeper labor years ago; as other world economies improved and thus their labor rates increased, there would be a point in the future where the cost to manufacture goods at home would be equal to the cost to manufacture them abroad because there are added costs of shipping, time delays, restrictions in shipping certain batteries, inefficiencies of working across languages/time zones and international issues of intellectual property.  While the labor rates would never equal US labor rates, if automation was added, the point where that cross over occurred could be pushed earlier than later.  And when you add in the consumer trend of desiring mass customization - time is money and you just can't wait for the product to come by boat.

It would happen in waves and at different times for different products/industries.  A local company called Dragon Innovation started out of iRobot and services small companies who want to manufacture their ideas (especially kickstarter ideas) has a great chart that takes into account the methods (textile, plastic, etc) and the number of units.  Below a certain number and it is far more efficient to manufacture in the USA, above in China.  And every year that wages rise in China and other alternative countries and robotics advances in the USA, that number of units gets higher.  Back in 2000, when we decided to make 15,000 e-textile blankets for Lands End with Polartec, we were able to do it 100% in the USA here in Massachusetts.  (I know so many textile manufacturing companies here - so much was coming back to the USA in 2000 and later to make bags, hats, blankets, etc. - there is little excuse for not making something here if you want to).  

I have long been a believer in local manufacturing, and as you all know I struggle mightily to manufacture the lion share of my threads with the original western companies.  I am offered and know the low labor rate makers who could make some bad knock-offs or I could screw over my friends in France and England who just do it right in search of profit, but I don't.  I believe in manufacturing jobs as a vital part of good economies.   It would be incredibly short sighted.

A little known fact is that the Obama administration spent years preparing for this shift and return of manufacturing to the USA.  My role was to give advice to the commerce department on my field of high-tech textiles; high value added textiles and where the sticking points were to prevent more manufacturing.  What things the government could do to accelerate the transition and capture those emerging and returning industries.  I had led a standards development and had led the largest scale manufacturing runs in the US and China at that point in this emerging industry.  We had been spinning our wheels trying to get over a hump - and standards are one of the reasons.  And a little known fact is that there is quite a bit here, there is a law that keeps critical military goods (think ballistic vests) from being outsourced overseas to ensure military readiness and an intact supply chain.  (Again, if you can take less profit for principal - you can manufacture here).  We also needed integrated manufacturing facilities where job training in textile work could happen (something lost) as well as small scale prototyping and short runs could be done.  And places where electronic testing of e-texitle goods could happen; something that can't happen in China yet because they have built their system on regional manufacturing.  Hence Manufacture NYC happened and a massive investment in a textile consortium in MA occurred last year led by MIT.  All targeted on these specific issues to increase the return of textiles to the USA.  

Part of this is the investment in robotics.  Automation drives the productivity and brings that cross-over point closer to now and the number of units up.  Robotics is hot in Massachusetts - super hot.  There is a new center called MassRobotics located in Richard's building and I have enjoyed attending many of the business consortium meeting with my husband - funny how our fields are converging.  I just invited to my technical conference a company that is working on a robotic sewing system for shirts.  I see a significant return of clothing manufacturing on the horizon.   

I highly recommend reading the book The Industries of the Future by Alec Ross.  It should be required reading for all teenagers so they can understand where to focus their studies.  While there will always be disrupting technologies we can't predict - there are trends there that are totally obvious.  Robotics is chapter 1.

Mr. Ross doesn't come at it as yet again another person ignoring the worker.  He starts out with his experience growing up in Appalachia and is about my age - so during the transition to a global economy.  So this brings up the second point of why robotics.  It is not to be at the forefront of invention, it is how to be on the manufacturing side as well.  One of the enormous problems we have in the US is that the workforce training is not in line with the workforce needs.  There are 200,000 open jobs in in the US alone for programmers yet few schools teach basic programming.  Companies are crying for machinists.  Manufacturing today is all about robotics and automation.  It is about designing the work flow of the robot, maintaining it, working with them, setting up lines, programming them, etc.  So the skills for the manufacturing worker are nothing like those of the auto worker of my youth.  Nothing close.  Spend an evening watching 'How its Made' on TV.  Half my career was spent going in and out of production facilities as I was part of a team that designed manufacturing machinery.  Manufacturing today is not what you think.
 
Robots helping a local manufacturer make custom mosaics
I just had a deck built by the This Old House guys.  Perhaps you have been watching that program and would have noted the visit to the company which made wood products for the Arlington Arts and Crafts House.  They made my rails and balustrades to match the old part of my house.  Totally robotic craftsmanship of the carving/turning.  So an understanding of wood craft and robotics was required.  The company across from Richard at the Design and Innovation Center?  A fine arts mosaic company - uses robots to place the tiles.  No more Italian companies exist anymore to do this type of custom work - too labor intensive.  So the workers work with the robots to do the job.   Ted Acworth and I had lunch with Richard last summer to talk about our joint work in old art industries and applying new technologies to it.  Not a coincidence, he coaches robotics too.  Take a look inside an Amazon fulfillment facility powered by a local MA company or the robotic warehouses that allows LEGO to continue to manufacture their toys in Europe.  

At least a two year technical degree is needed to do any of this.  So familiarity with robots and their basic concepts will be required to get a plant job.  And there will be many, many of these jobs, but people aren't trained for them.  That is the real problem that needs to be attacked and why you heard about ideas from the last White House about free community college education, realignment of local community college coursework to the needs of the local manufacturing industry (happening in MA), coding classes for kids, robotics and STEM initiatives and maker fairs.   Anything to get the kids moving in the right direction...

That is why I teach robotics.  It is about preparing the kids in my care for the world they will live in and how to survive and I hope, thrive in it.  That is why it is so important to bring robotics to underprivileged kids - the kids who can use those skills to bring them out of service jobs and into good paying manufacturing jobs - or perhaps to become an engineer and change their life like it did for both my husband and I.   

So if you have a kid or a grandchild...think about this.